Preparing for adulthood
The SEND Code of Practice 2015 says:
...Health service and other professionals should work with the young person and, where appropriate, their family. They should gain a good understanding of the young person’s individual needs, including their learning difficulties or disabilities, to co-ordinate health care around those needs and to ensure continuity and the best outcomes for the young person. This means working with the young person to develop a transition plan, which identifies who will take the lead in co-ordinating care and referrals to other services. The young person should know who is taking the lead and how to contact them. (8.54)
It is expected that preparation for adulthood begins from year 9 as part of the Annual Review and includes planning for supporting the transition from children’s to adult care and health services.
Parents and carers of a young person aged 14-25 with a learning disability, are being encouraged to make them an appointment for a free, annual health check (PDF) at their local surgery. This provides the opportunity to check on any ongoing health issues, such as diabetes or asthma, as well as talk over any physical or mental wellbeing concerns - so they can be referred to other organisations for help and support.
Watch this video about moving from child to adult mental health services.
Section 58 of The Care Act 2014 places a duty on local authorities to carry out an assessment of a child's needs where this would be of 'significant benefit' to the child, and if it is likely they will have care and support needs when they turn 18.
The local authority has to provide support to enable you to plan ahead as your child approaches their 18th birthday, so there are no gaps in services.
You, or your young person, may request an assessment at any time ahead of their 18th birthday. However, the local authority can be flexible with the timing of the assessment, and they decide whether and when there is 'significant benefit' to assessing needs.
If your child has an EHC plan, it is expected that preparation for adulthood begins from year 9 as part of their Annual Review.
Where a young person has Autism, they have a right to a community care assessment and their parents a right to a carer’s assessment.
The duty lies with the SENCO (or in college with the named SEN person) to build this into 'preparing for adulthood' reviews.
The Suffolk Local Offer (for the full range of services and support for children and young people with SEND)